Forbidden Music Regained


Leo Smit Stichting
Search this site

Explore scores and sound samples

Composers persecuted in WWII

During the Second World War, many composers were persecuted by the Nazi’s, because they either had a Jewish background or refused to comply with Nazi rules. Their music was banned from all public performance. The Leo Smit Foundation, founded in 1996, is committed to regain this music.

In more than 200 concerts, we’ve brought to life music that was lost and forgotten. With this website, we share with musicians, programmers and music lovers worldwide what we’ve found, starting with music from composers who lived and worked in the Netherlands.

Here you can search for composers, works for various instrumentations or vocal repertoire. Find scores, look at manuscripts and listen to sound samples.

featured composer

Hans Lachman

Hans Lachman (1906 - 1990)

Born in Germany as Heinz Lachmann, Hans Lachman started his musical career in film music and light music. After World War II, which he survived by hiding in the province Limburg, he began composing in a modern classical idiom, building up a considerable oeuvre, including Jewish liturgical music. It is hard to believe that his music, so frequently broadcasted, was later completely forgotten until 2008, when his scores were discovered in a damp garden shed.  by Eleonore Pameijer   more

new additions

  • March 28, 2019
    Trio à cordes
    Dick Kattenburg

    Trio à cordes

    1937-1938. 1939 Includes a drawing of a string trio in water colour, most likely depicting Anton Dresden (cello), Theo Kroeze (viola) and Dick Kattenburg (violin)
  • March 21, 2019
    Älie Zijon
    Hans Krieg

    Älie Zijon

    Tischa b'aw - Lied. Arr. Hans Krieg
  • Sa-ee-noe
    Hans Krieg

    Sa-ee-noe

    Jewish Jemenite Folk Song. Arr. Hans Krieg. Amsterdam, November 1959

Read about composers

Biographies in English, written by specialist authors and experienced researchers.

Search compositions

Browse through work lists or search by instrumentation, duration or genre. Find published scores, manuscripts and sound samples.

Find recordings

Recording information is linked to composers’ biographies as well as to individual compositions.