Forbidden Music Regained

Leo Smit Stichting
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Composers persecuted in WWII

During the Second World War, many composers were persecuted by the Nazi’s, because they either had a Jewish background or refused to comply with Nazi rules. Their music was banned from all public performance. The Leo Smit Foundation, founded in 1996, is committed to regain this music.

In more than 200 concerts, we’ve brought to life music that was lost and forgotten. With this website, we share with musicians, programmers and music lovers worldwide what we’ve found, starting with music from composers who lived and worked in the Netherlands.

Here you can search for composers, works for various instrumentations or vocal repertoire. Find scores, look at manuscripts and listen to sound samples.

featured composer

Mischa Hillesum

Mischa Hillesum (1920 - 1943)

The pianist Mischa Hillesum was an extremely musical, sensitive but also mentally unstable personality. Conservatory teachers acknowledged his stunning talents and audiences were thrilled by his performances. Music was his primary necessity, his way of dealing with daily realities. He was hospitalized several times in a mental institution. In 1943, the Hillesum family arrived in Westerbork. Mischa eventually died while detained as a forced laborer in Warsaw. Only a few of his compositions …   more

new additions

  • March 9, 2022
    Ignace Lilien

    Modern times sonata (violin and piano)

    - Allegro - Andante cantabile - Rondo Brésilien See also: catalogue application number NMI 12226 catalogue application number NDM 1538 catalogue application number MNmfIII/0196 (Rondo Brésilien) There is an arrangement (by Dolf de Kinkelder) for orchestra as well.
  • Leo Kok


    Lentement - 'Pour vous remercier de mon séjour au Roccolo' Ma belle si tu voulais...
  • Leo Kok


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